Just over a month ago, the Royal Navy’s newest nuclear submarine came out of its massive hall in Barrow-in-Fumess, England, went down to the dock and into the water. The HMS Anson submarine is an aggressive type and weighs 7400 tons. But on the same day, about 420 km away in the city of Plymouth, another submarine was unveiled. Although the mysterious unmanned submarine, which weighs 9 tons in size, has nothing to say against HMS Anson, it will probably be much larger than the $ 1.3 billion nuclear submarine needed by the British military in the future.
M Suts in Plymouth, which specializes in building automated submarines, won a 3.5 million contract from the British Ministry of Defense to build and test this very large unmanned submarine (XLUUV). According to the contract, this submarine must be able to operate at a distance of about 5,000 kilometers from home for 3 months. The biggest innovation in building this submarine is its automation. This means that all movements, movements as well as the work that this submarine does will be controlled by artificial intelligence.
Ollie Thompson, a graduate student in robotics at Plymouth University, also works for MarineAl, a subsidiary of M Subs, which is responsible for building the submarine’s artificial intelligence system. Mr. Thompson is confident that there will be many challenges and challenges for him and his colleagues. “We know a lot of people don’t trust AI,” he says. That’s why we work with elements that we can test. We categorize issues.
He also breaks down the problem of artificial intelligence into smaller components; The most difficult of these components is mission management. Simulate the presence of a trained captain on this small submarine using computer programming.
In such a situation, the connection of artificial intelligence with humans is completely cut off, especially because the complete preservation of radio silence in Hiding submarines plays a vital role. An important technical principle here is machine learning. In this method, examples of how to do a task correctly are shown to the artificial intelligence program until the correct performance is finally recorded in the memory of that system. For this purpose, MarinaAl uses IBM model IS 922 supercomputer. “Like a monster, it’s one of the largest computers in the south-west of England,” Mr Thomson said of the supercomputer. Interestingly, the submarine’s entire AI system is encapsulated on an Nvidia chip (often used in the gaming industry) and housed in a 15cm box.
“We used the Nvidia chip to make it because it is very low consumption and consumes very little energy,” says Mr Thompson.
It is clear that the battery technology of this project is of particular importance to the British Ministry of Defense. MaireAl has so far relied on existing methods rooted in car battery technology, but also notes that research in this area is advancing rapidly.
The AI of this submarine must be able to prioritize tasks. The project envisions a boat that can go to the bottom of the sea to find a mine using an advanced intelligence-gathering device, or search for information about the enemy navy at one point in the sea.
So MarmeAl is designing and implementing decision-making capabilities in the submarine’s brain. With the help of this feature, the submarine knows how much battery life is left and by measuring the current weather conditions and sea conditions, it can make a logical decision about continuing the voyage or returning home when faced with severe water tides.
However, this project still has a long way to go. For example, how can this submarine detect small objects on the surface of the water, including jet skis?
But these are not big problems for submarine captains. Commander Ryan Ramsey was formerly the captain of the HMS Turtuulent offensive submarine. He has also undergone a submarine guidance course called Pensiler; 5 months of hard work by the Royal Navy to prepare its officers to lead the submarines. After leaving the Navy, Mr. Ramzi worked in the field of artificial intelligence, and for this reason he knows well where intelligent software and human instinct work differently from each other.
“Artificial intelligence can hardly compete with human decision-making skills,” he says. Many of the skills of submarine sailors can be transferred to artificial intelligence, but it must be acknowledged that the first generation of this technology will not be perfect. One of them is ready to go: The fact is that if you do not know how someone manages a submarine, he will find you before you find his submarine. The point is, emotion cannot be reconstructed in artificial intelligence.
But arming this unmanned submarine could cause serious problems. The decision to fire a torpedo depends largely on the instinct and experience of the officers. “If you put this in the hands of a law-abiding computer system, you may lose control of the situation,” says Mr Ramsey. There is so much to learn about the underwater battlefield.
Commander Ramsey believes that in the future, submarines will be able to launch their submarines. The next generation of warships on the water will also be equipped with a compartment for carrying and launching unmanned vessels.
Unmanned submarines have the ability to be sent to the area by army transport aircraft. In this way, both global access to these submarines will increase and their batteries will have a chance to rest.
Commander Ramsey believes that a bright future awaits unmanned submarines in the long run. “We can run a course for artificial intelligence similar to a submarine guidance training course (Parisher), find the right people, recreate their experiences, attack decisions that may be wrong, in a simulator, and” he says. Let’s give artificial intelligence, it is enough to give it 10 years of data to make its own rules.
This course based on computer-aided simulation has another great advantage. “Artificial intelligence can evaluate its rules without any risk,” says Mr Ramzi. My concern with automatic submarines is what the political consequences will be if they make a mistake or get caught in enemy waters.
Plymouth test submarine is based on one of the designs of Aamsaber company called S201. Across the Atlantic, Boeing is building a large collection of unmanned submarines in the United States, and the US Navy is examining how to use these vessels. Retired sailors talk about the importance of close friendships and teamwork in carrying out their missions, and this is not something that AI has the ability to reconstruct. But if this technology is only going to get rid of sailors from tedious and repetitive tasks, it does not need to have such a feature.